High Blood Pressure Symptoms and Causes

What is high blood pressure?

 High blood pressure (high blood pressure) is a common disease in which the blood pressure in your arteries gradually increases over time so much that eventually, it causes health problems such as heart disease.

 Blood pressure or blood pressure is determined by two things – the amount of blood pumped by the heart and the resistance against blood flow in the arteries.  Therefore, the more blood your heart pumps and the thinner your arteries, the higher your blood pressure.


 Blood pressure can continue to increase for years without any symptoms.  Hence the disease is often referred to as the “silent killer”.  High BP, called “hypertension” in medical language, can be easily detected.  And once blood pressure is detected to be high, you can control it with medicine and a healthy lifestyle.

 If BP is not in control and is prolonged, it increases the risk of many serious health problems including heart attack and stroke.

 Causes of high blood pressure:

 Heredity- If anyone in your family has high BP, then you are also prone to this disease.  In this situation, you should adopt a healthy lifestyle and proper eating.

 Age – Increasing age is also a major reason for high BP.  The risk of high blood pressure also increases with aging.  These diseases are more common in men than women.  However, the risk of high BP becomes common in women and men in old age.


 Obesity – People who are overweight are at higher risk of high BP.

 Smoking and drinking – Due to excessive smoking, blood vessels become narrow which causes BP high.  On the other hand, due to excessive alcohol consumption, there is a lack of oxygen in the blood, which causes damage to the heart and causes high BP.

 Improper diet- If you eat high salt or high-fat diet then you are also at risk for high BP.

 Stress – According to many studies, mental stress has also been attributed to high BP.


 Symptoms of high blood pressure:


 Tension and confusion.

 Lack of imagination.

 Chest pain.

 Shortness of breath.

 Irregularity in heartbeats.

 Blood in the urine.

 Irregularity in heartbeats.


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