What is a kidney stone?
Kidney stones or kidney stones are also called Nephrolithiasis. Kidney stones are a crystalline mineral substances that can occur anywhere in the kidneys or urinary tract. A small stone exits with urine without symptoms. But if the stone is more than 5 mm, it causes blockage in the urethra, resulting in symptoms like pain and vomiting. Various factors may increase the risk of developing these stones.
Most stones are formed due to a combination of genetics and environmental factors. Risk factors include high levels of calcium in urine, obesity, certain foods, certain medications, calcium supplements, gout, and lack of adequate fluids. The chemical uric acid, phosphorus, calcium, and oxalic acid present in urine together form stones.
Kidney stones are solid coagulation made of minerals and salt. Their measurement can be from small to large. It is found in the kidneys or in the urinary tract. The urethra consists of kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra. It hurts too much. But before knowing about the treatment of kidney stones (Pathri ka ilaj), why does it happen before we know about it?
Causes of kidney stones:
Eating a diet that is high in protein, salt, or glucose- If a person eats a diet that is high in protein, salt, or glucose, he or she may have kidney stones. This is the reason why a person should eat a meal that has a sufficient amount of protein, salt, or glucose.
Having a thyroid- If a person has a thyroid, he may have a kidney stone problem. Therefore, a person suffering from thyroid should check this to confirm whether he has a stone problem or not.
Excess of weight- Kidney stones can also be those who are overweight. This is why a person should keep his weight under control.
Undergoing bypass surgery- The problem of kidney stones can also happen to a person who has recently undergone bypass surgery. This is mainly due to the side effects of this surgery.
Dehydration- It is believed that it is very important to have a sufficient amount of water in the body because the essential elements are present in it. Therefore, a person who does not drink a sufficient amount of water is more likely to get stones.
Symptoms of kidney stones:
Severe, severe pain under the ribs, in the side, and in the back.
Pain that spreads to the lower abdomen and genitalia.
Pain that occurs intermittently and sometimes is mild to severe.
Pain or burning sensation in urination.
Pink, red, or brown urine.
Smelling in urine.
The need to constantly urine, urine more often than normal, or decrease in at once.
nausea and vomiting.
Fever and chills if there is an infection.
Types of kidney stones:
Calcium is essential for teeth and bones. The body’s natural system excretes all excess calcium in the body. When there is an excess of calcium or there is a hindrance in calcium metabolism, calcium combines with other waste products and forms stones. The most commonly occurring kidney stones are calcium phosphate and calcium oxalate stones.
Uric acid stone:
When the blood has abnormally high uric acid levels, it also begins to be excreted in large amounts in the urine and uric acid has a higher tendency to form stones. In others, diets rich in meat and fish, which are high in protein, contribute to high uric acid levels.
These stones are usually the result of severe urinary tract infections and occur after or during illness. This is because urine becomes alkaline in nature due to infection. As a result, magnesium ammonium phosphate is formed, which accumulates in the kidney in the form of stones. They have a tendency to increase in size very rapidly.
A hereditary condition called cystinuria is responsible for such stones. In this situation, amino acids, especially cysteine, begin to leak from the kidney and are passed into the urine, forming these stones.
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