Hernia – हर्निया के कारण, लक्षण और इलाज


Hernia: Types, Medicines, Side effects, Causes and Counteraction

Overview :

हर्निया के सामान्य प्रकार

 हर्निया क्या है? – What is a Hernia in hindi

हर्निया तब होता है जब एक आंतरिक अंग या शरीर का अन्य हिस्सा मांसपेशियों या ऊतक की दीवार से बाहर निकलता है जिसमें सामान्य रूप से यह होता है। अधिकांश हर्निया उदर गुहा के भीतर, छाती और कूल्हों के बीच होते हैं।हर्निया के सबसे आम रूप हैं:

Hernia - हर्निया के कारण, लक्षण और इलाज
Hernia – हर्निया के कारण, लक्षण और इलाज

वंक्षण हर्निया : 

पुरुषों में, वंक्षण नहर शुक्राणु की हड्डी और अंडकोष की ओर जाने वाली रक्त वाहिकाओं के लिए एक मार्ग है। महिलाओं में, वंक्षण नहर में गोल लिगामेंट होता है जो गर्भ को सहारा देता है। वंक्षण हर्निया में, वसायुक्त ऊतक या आंत का एक हिस्सा आंतरिक जांघ के शीर्ष पर ग्रोइन में प्रवेश करता है। यह हर्निया का सबसे आम प्रकार है, और महिलाओं की तुलना में पुरुषों को अधिक बार प्रभावित करता है।

फेमोरल हर्निया :

 वसायुक्त ऊतक या आंत का हिस्सा आंतरिक जांघ के शीर्ष पर ग्रोइन में फैला होता है। ऊरु हर्निया वंक्षण हर्निया की तुलना में बहुत कम आम हैं और मुख्य रूप से वृद्ध महिलाओं को प्रभावित करते हैं।

अम्बिलिकल हर्निया :

वसायुक्त ऊतक या आंत का हिस्सा नाभि (बेली बटन) के पास पेट के माध्यम से धकेलता है।

हाइटल (अंतराल) हर्निया :

 पेट का हिस्सा डायाफ्राम (मांसपेशियों की क्षैतिज शीट जो छाती को पेट से अलग करती है) में एक उद्घाटन के माध्यम से छाती गुहा में ऊपर की ओर धकेलता है।

अन्य प्रकार के हर्नियास में शामिल हैं:

इंसीजनल हर्निया :

 पेट के किसी दूरस्थ या पेल्विक ऑपरेशन से पेट के निशान वाली जगह से ऊतक बाहर निकलता है।

अधिजठर हर्निया :

 वसा ऊतक नाभि और उरोस्थि (स्तन की हड्डी) के निचले हिस्से के बीच उदर क्षेत्र से बाहर निकलता है।

स्पिगेलियन हर्निया :

 आंत पेट के माध्यम से पेट की मांसपेशियों के किनारे, नाभि के नीचे धक्का देती है।

डायाफ्रामिक हर्निया :

 पेट में अंग डायाफ्राम में एक उद्घाटन के माध्यम से छाती में चले जाते हैं।

हर्निया कितने आम हैं?

होने वाली सभी हर्निया में से:

75 से 80% वंक्षण या ऊरु हैं।

2% आकस्मिक या उदर हैं।

3 से 10% गर्भनाल होते हैं, जो 10 से 20% नवजात शिशुओं को प्रभावित करते हैं; 5 साल की उम्र में खुद के सबसे करीब।

1 से 3% अन्य प्रकार हैं।

What causes a hernia?

Inguinal and femoral hernias are because of debilitated muscles that might have been available since birth, or are related with maturing and rehashed stresses on the stomach and crotch regions. Such strain might come from actual effort, heftiness, pregnancy, regular hacking, or stressing on the latrine because of blockage.

Grown-ups may get an umbilical hernia by stressing the stomach region, being overweight, having a dependable weighty hack or in the wake of conceiving an offspring.

The reason for hiatal hernias isn’t completely perceived, however a debilitating of the stomach with age or tension on the midsection could have an impact.

What are the Symptoms of a hernia?

A hernia in the mid-region or crotch can deliver a recognizable knot or lump that can be pushed back in, or that can vanish while resting. Snickering, crying, hacking, stressing during a solid discharge, or active work might cause the bump to return after it has been pushed in. More side effects of a hernia include:

Expanding or swell in the crotch or scrotum (the pocket that contains the gonads).

Expanded torment at the site of the lump.

Torment while lifting.

Expansion in the lump size after some time.

A dull hurting sensation.

A feeling of feeling full or indications of entrail check.

On account of hiatal hernias there are no lumps outwardly of the body. All things considered, side effects might incorporate acid reflux, heartburn, trouble gulping, continuous spewing forth (bringing food back up) and chest torment.

Finding and Tests

How is a hernia analyzed?

It is generally conceivable to see or feel a lump in the space where a hernia has happened by actual test. As a feature of a male’s regular actual test for inguinal hernias, the specialist feels the region around the balls and crotch while the patient is approached to hack. At times, delicate tissue imaging like a CT output will precisely analyze the condition.

The board and Treatment

What sort of specialist do you see for a hernia?

At the point when you have a hernia, treatment will begin with your essential consideration supplier. In the event that you really want a medical procedure to fix the hernia, you’ll be alluded to an overall specialist. Truth be told, ventral hernia fixes are perhaps of the most well-known activity U.S. general specialists perform.

In the event that you assume you have a hernia, don’t hold back to look for help. A disregarded hernia can become bigger and more excruciating — this can prompt difficulties and conceivably crisis medical procedure. Early fix is more fruitful, safer and offers a superior recuperation and result.

How is a hernia treated?

Hernias ordinarily get worse all alone, and medical procedure might be the best way to fix them. Nonetheless, your primary care physician will prescribe the best treatment to address your hernia, and may allude you to a specialist. In the event that the specialist thinks it is important to fix your hernia, the specialist will tailor the strategy for fix that best addresses your issues.

On account of an umbilical hernia in a kid, medical procedure might be suggested in the event that the hernia is enormous or on the other hand on the off chance that it has not mended by the age of 4 to 5 years of age. By this age, a kid can for the most part keep away from careful complexities.

Assuming a grown-up has an umbilical hernia, medical procedure is typically suggested in light of the fact that the condition won’t probably develop its own and the gamble of entanglements is higher.

One of three kinds of hernia medical procedure can be performed:

Open a medical procedure, in which a cut is made into the body at the area of the hernia. The distending tissue is hindered set up and the debilitated muscle wall is sewed back together. Some of the time a sort of lattice is embedded nearby to offer additional help.

Laparoscopic medical procedure includes similar kind of fixes. Be that as it may, rather than a slice to the beyond the mid-region or crotch, small entry points are made to consider the inclusion of careful instruments to finish the system.

Mechanical hernia fix, as laparoscopic medical procedure, utilizes a laparoscope, and is performed with little cuts. With mechanical medical procedure, the specialist is situated at a control center in the working room, and handles the careful instruments from the control center. While mechanical medical procedure can be utilized for a few more modest hernias, or frail regions, it can now likewise be utilized to remake the stomach wall.

Each sort of a medical procedure enjoys its benefits and burdens. The best methodology will be chosen by the patient’s specialist.

What can occur in the event that a hernia isn’t dealt with?

Other than umbilical hernias in children, hernias won’t vanish all alone. After some time, a hernia can become bigger and more difficult or can foster intricacies.

Complexities of an untreated inguinal or fem.

और अधिक जानें – Alopecia 👈

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